The Danger of Antibiotic Resistance
Most people have heard of MRSA (Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus) and the problems associated with it and other ‘super-bugs’ in human hospitals.
Antibiotic resistance is not only a problem for human patients; we see resistant bacteria in pets as well.
Antibiotic resistance is caused by killing the most susceptible bacteria, leaving the more resistant bacteria to multiply and pass on their resistant genes to future generations.
In order to reduce the likelihood of producing resistant bacteria, we need to ensure that all courses of prescribed antibiotics are given as instructed and completed. By not giving antibiotics at the correct dose or correct time, we can promote resistance. Even if the symptoms seem to have resolved after a couple of doses, the full course is required to ensure a clinical cure.
I once heard this principle being explained to a villager in rural Papua New Guinea. The traslation was: ‘if you are in a fight with a bad man and you hit him and he goes down, you have to keep hitting him until he can’t get up to hurt you’. It’s a bit brutal, and please don’t go around hitting people, but it makes the point quite well.
Another issue that leads to antibiotic resistance is using antibiotics for conditions that are not caused by bacteria. This is why we will not give you antibiotics without clinically examining your pet.
Common situations where antibiotics are not needed include itchy or dirty ears. Although an ear infection could cause these symptoms, a foreign body such as a grass seed may be in the ear, the ear may be just dirty or your pet may have an allergy. Urinary tract problems are another condition where, after examination of both the pet and their urine, we commonly find crystals or even stress are the cause of the problem not bacteria.
Please remember when we ask you to come in for a consultation with a vet it is to ensure we are providing the most appropriate treatment for your pet.
If we do not protect our antibiotics, they may not work when we really need them.
Rolleston Vet Services Updates Ultrasound Technology
Dr Nick Page BVSc
Line up from left to right: the old ultrasound machine, the new machine and the equine machine
Although ultrasound has always been an exceptionally important diagnostic tool used virtually every day for diagnostics at Rolleston Veterinary Services, with our increasing levels of expertise and detailed requirements for this important imaging modality, we have recently decided to invest significant funds in updating our equipment.
We use ultrasound very regularly for imaging internal organs looking for signs of disease in such abdominal organs as liver, spleen, kidney, adrenal gland, bladder, gall bladder, uterus and intestine. We also use it for guiding biopsy needles and aspirate needles for diagnostic testing. It is used for imaging of soft tissues of the musculoskeletal system such as tendons and muscles. We use it regularly to assess structure and function of the heart and surrounding tissues and also imaging abnormal areas of lung. On specific occassions it is also used to image the eyeball and structures behind this. It is commonly used for diagnosis and confirmation of normality in pregnancy (a modality which most clients will have a good understanding of already).
In the large animal and specifically the equine patients, we use ultrasonography extensively to look at the reproductive tract for fertility and pregnancy work and also commonly in imaging soft tissues of the musculoskeletal system, particiularly the tendons of the limbs.
Over the last six years or so we have relied on very good technology provided by our stalwart of a machine, our General Electric machine with colour flow mode and standard doppler mode for vascular and cardiac use. Our equine machine has been our post-earthquake upgraded Mindray machine.
Image from new ultrasound machine of a hole in a dogs heart
Although both of these machines have served us well, we experienced some limitations in regard to the massive variation and versatility required to provide good image quality in our vastly variable patient shapes and sizes. Particularly good quality imaging of deep chested dogs when wanting to look at their heart structure and function and the exceptionally high detail required when performing eye ultrasound. A recent course attendance in equine limb ultrasonography from the World leading ultrasonographer Prof. Jean-Marie Denoix from France has opened up the versatility of ultrasound in previously undiagnosable regions of the foot, high areas of the knee and hock and also the shoulder and stifle of the horse.
Our newly purchased MyLab machine has been obtained with a complete range of probes (microconvex, macroconvex, linear and phased array). This enables us the variability in footprint size, huge frequency variability to allow the best balance between tissue penetration and image detail and quality required for quality ultrasound imaging of virtually every area we require in every patient.
Our ultrasound abilities now include all of what our clients are used to us being able to provide and more. This includes the following:-
SMALL ANIMALS AND PETS
• Full abdominal general ultrasonography (liver, gallbladder and biliary tract, spleen, adrenal glands, kidneys, bladder, urethra, abdominal vascular system, gastrointestinal tract).
• General thoracic ultrasonography (lung abnormalities, pleural abnormalities and mediastinum).
• Cardiac ultrasonography or echocardiography (including m-mode, b-mode, colour flow doppler and standard doppler studies).
• Ophthalmic (eye) ultrasonography.
• Ultrasound guided biopsy and aspiration diagnostic techniques (minimally invasive).
• Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (biceps tendonopathy, structural muscular, tendonous and ligamentous disease).
• Reproductive ultrasonography (pregnancy, uterus, ovary and prostate).
• Reproductive ultrasonography (pregnancy, fertility including ovary and uterus, assisted artificial breeding).
• Colic assessment (large and small bowel and also generalised abdominal cavity assessment including free fluid).
• Internal medicine assessment (liver, spleen).
• Ultrasound guided liver biopsy.
• Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (routine flexor and extensor tendon assessment along with routine suspensory ligament assessment); also advanced assessment (foot, proximal suspensory, knee, hock, shoulder and stifle).
• Ultrasound guided medication injections.
In addition, we now have full digital storage capability of images for sharing and comparative use post-treatment.
We hope that this investment into our patients’ health and care and our clients’ services will see us through the next decade of technology.
This provides us with an update to our already extensive and comprehensive diagnostic imaging abilities including the following:-
• In-house digital radiography (x-ray).
• Portable digital radiography.
• Flexible endoscopy.
• Fluroscopy (real-time moving x-ray).
• Ready-access Computer Tomography (CT scanning).
• Ready-access Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI scanning).
Dogs, noise phobias and fireworks
It’s that time of year again! Time to get thinking about the effect of loud noises on your pets, and time to get organised before November 5th!
The popularity of fireworks has increased in recent years and now fireworks can be set off at any time of the year, to celebrate birthdays or weddings as well as religious celebrations and various ‘New Years’. Fireworks can be a real problem though for our dogs.
Fireworks season can be difficult for dogs with a sound sensitivity; their anxiety levels rise in anticipation of fireworks as they can associate changes in seasons with an event. As dogs will start to become increasingly anxious about fireworks well before November 5, we need to start thinking and planning for this annual event in advance.
There are a few fundamentals that you can prepare in advance which will help your dog through a stressful event such as fireworks or parties.
Provide a den – An important step is to ensure your dog has a safe haven or den to retreat to; an area that they feel secure in. Ideally this should be in an internal room that is easily accessible and away from windows.
Adaptil – The use of Adaptil® (a synthetic copy of the dog appeasing pheromone) has been shown to reduce anxiety and help dogs cope with challenging situations, including firework events, as demonstrated in many scientific studies. Also available for cats is Feliway.
The fireworks season can be a difficult time of year for many adult dogs and cats. The good news is that there are many options and tools available and we can make a real difference for our companions. There are a lot of ways you can help with your dogs and cats through anxious times and stressful events. Come and see us for latest advice and information.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
What is FIV?
FIV is an abbreviation of Feline Immunodeficiency virus. It is similar to HIV (Human Immunodeficiency virus). Both dieases weaken the immune system and leave the patient more susceptible to seconday infections.
Has my cat got feline AIDS ?
Being FIV positive is not the same as having feline AIDS. AIDS describes the terminal stages of disease which may not occur for many years or at all! FIV positive means that your cat has been infected by the virus.
A positive response to a snap test for FIV could mean your cat has been vaccinated in the past. If your cat is a rescued cat and the vaccination history is unknown, we can send a blood sample to the lab to check for the virus in your cats blood. This test is more expensive than the initial in house test.
How do cats get FIV ?
It is thought FIV is transmitted primarily by biting, cats which are known fighters particularly those with a history of cat bite abscesses have a higher risk of being FIV positive. Kittens can also be infected at birth probably through virus that is present in the queen’s milk. Around a quarter to a third of kittens born to an infected queen are likely to be infected themselves. Normal social interactions such as grooming, have a very low risk of transmitting FIV.
Are my family at risk ?
No, although HIV in man belongs to a similar group there is no risk of cross infection.
Are other cats in the household likely to be infected ?
Other cats in your household may already be infected. Generally, however, spread between cats through social contact is extremely unlikely so the majority of your cats may well be FIV negative.
Are other cats in the household at risk ?
Risks to other cats in the household are low unless the cat that is infected is a fighter. The virus does not survive long in the environment so disinfection is not of great value. It is advisable that the positive cat is fed from a separate food bowl as saliva can have large amounts of virus in it.
What can I do to stop my cat contracting FIV?
You can vaccinate your cat against FIV. You can start this vaccine course at 8 weeks of age, it is given every 4 weeks on 3 occasions to gain immunity and then given annually to continue keeping the cat immune. If you would like to start your adult cat on the FIV vaccine we would firstly take a blood test to ensure your cat has not previously contracted the disease, if this test comes back negative then we can start the vaccine course for your cat.
What is Feline Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism (over production of thyroid hormone) is the most common endocrine (hormonal) disease of older cats.
The thyroid glands are located in the neck, but thyroid tissue can also be
found in the chest of some animals. Cats suffering from hyperthyroidism
have a tumour of the thyroid tissue. The large majority of these tumours are
benign. Less than 2% of hyperthyroid cats have a malignant thyroid tumour.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism
• Weight loss.
• Over eating.
• Very fast heart rate.
• Goitre (enlarged thyoid gland)
• Poor coat quality.
Complications of hyperthyroidism
• Hypertension (high blood pressure), which can lead to retinal detachment and blindness.
• Cardiomyopathy (heart disease)
If your cat is displaying symptoms of hyperthyroidism a blood test will be taken to confirm the diagnosis. This blood test measures T4 (thyroid hormone) levels.
The cause of hyperthyroidism is currently unknown. Associations with levels of iodine in the diet, fire retardants and cat litters have been reported, but an assosciation does not necessarily imply a cause.
There are 4 main treatment options for hyperthyroidism.
1. Radioactive Iodine (I131).
This is the gold standard treatment for hyperthyroidism worldwide. A subcutaneous (under the skin) injection of I131 is given to the cat. As thyroid tissue requires iodine, the tumour tissue takes up the I131. The radioactivity severely damages the tumour cells, destroying them over time.
No other tissue is affected and hyperthyroidism is cured in most patients.
A very small number of patients treated with radioactive iodine become hypothyroid (do not produce enough thyroid hormone) and an even smaller number show any clinical symptoms.
After the radioactive iodine injection, your cat will remain with us in the clinic for a minimum of 5-7days depending on the dose required for their individual case.
After radioactive iodine treatment, we will request that your cat have a blood test to confirm successful treatment. This test is usually taken a couple of months after the treatment is given.
If your cat is currently being treated for hyperthyroidism, this treatment will need to be discontinued prior to calculating the dose required for treatment.
Not every cat is suitable for radioactive iodine treatment, especially if they have other diseases.
2. Dietry management.
Hill’s manufacture a prescription diet called Y/d. This food is designed to be extremely low in iodine. Without Iodine the thyroid gland cannot produce thyroid hormone, meaning the tumour cannot over produce it.
In order for the diet to work your cat must not eat anything other than y/d for the rest of its life. Other cats cannot eat just Y/d as it is too low in iodine for healthy cats.
Y/d is usually effective after a few weeks, but it can take longer. Hyperthyroidism is not cured by Y/d.
Blood tests are required to assess how well the diet is working.
Hyperthyroidism can be contolled by medication, either in the form of a tablet or a transdermal gel. Cats require medication once or twice a day depending on the form of medication given.
Both drugs block the production of thyroid hormone and so control the disease rather than curing it. Medication must be given for the rest of your cat’s life. Blood tests are required to monitor the effectiveness of the treatment.
Side effects of the medication are not common, but can include vomitting, lethagy, anorexia, fever and anaemia.
Thyroid tissue can be removed from the neck surgically. Cat’s need to be stabilised on medication or diet before undergoing the anaesthetic as unstable patients carry a much higher risk of complications. Usually only one thyroid gland is removed due to potential risks to the parathyroid gland situated nearby in the neck. Often the tumour affects both glands, so a second surgery may be required at a later date. If thyroid tissue is present in the chest surgical removal is much more complicated.
Many people are concerned about treating hyperthyroid cats, as they tend to be older animals, however after radioactive iodine treatment most cats return to a normal state of health. Cats managed on either the diet or the medication often do very well, although they do need to remain on treatment for life.
New Vaccine Protocol 2016
Recent scientific studies have suggested that a significant number of puppies and kittens still have antibodies from their mother in their blood at 12 weeks of age. This means that these individuals may not respond as well as others to the vaccinations given at younger than 12 weeks. If they do not respond they will still be at risk from disease. However, as other individuals do not have such high levels of antibodies from their mother, they would be at risk if we started vaccinations later than 8 weeks of age. Our core vaccine for dogs vaccinates against the following disease; Parvovirus, Distemper and Canine Adenovirus types 1 and 2 (often refered to as hepatitis), for cats our core vaccine vaccinates against Herpesvirus-1, Calicivirus, Panleukopenia, and Chlamydiosis. We are changing our vaccine protocol for puppies and kittens to start core vaccines at 8 weeks of age, a course of 3 core vaccines will be spaced 4 weeks apart so the final core vaccine is given at 16 weeks of age. During one of these visits a Kennel Cough Vaccine will be administered for your puppy. If you wish to vaccine your cat for FIV this vaccine can be started the same time as the core vaccine and the same protocol will be followed.
We will discuss the vaccination protocols with you in your vaccination consultation, but if you have any further questions please ask one of our members of staff.
Below is a visual outline of the new vaccine protocol
Vaccine Protocol 2016
THE PERCEPTION OF COST IN VETERINARY SURGERY
At RVS we can sometimes be accused of being more expensive for some surgical procedures than other local mainstream veterinary clinics. The following article may perhaps help to explain why the cheapest option in surgery may be far from the best choice when it comes to quality of care and safety.
At RVS we strive to maintain rates at a fair and reasonable and obviously affordable level for the benefits of our clients and their pets (our patients). However, we make no excuse or apologies for holding the safety and welfare of our patients at the highest level and refuse to compromise this in any way simply to reduce costs at the expense of patient safety and comfort.
Unexpected and unexplained deaths are held well within the recommended norms for human surgery at RVS. Also our surgical complication rate is also held to an exceptionally low level (principal surgeon has a current post-op infection rate of two annually). There are a number of reasons that we attribute such statistics, of which we are exceptionally proud. We will detail these below and perhaps it may help explain why the cheapest surgical rates in the district are likely far from the best.
Dedicated patient-side nursing and monitoring
At RVS every single case has a dedicated nurse in charge of clinical monitoring and welfare. That means that when your pet undergoes an anaesthetic event at RVS, it is monitored full-time 100% of the time by a trained clinical professional including real-time blood pressure, cardiac and anaesthetic parameter monitoring with modern, state-of-the-art purpose-built monitoring equipment. Nursing and reception duties are totally split at RVS, so you can rest-assured that nothing will divert your pet’s nurse’s attention from your pet. The primary focus of the nurse is on a specific patient; no other more menial or trivial duties will get in the way.
Pre-operative anaesthetic tailoring
At RVS each and every anaesthetic protocol is specifically tailored to each patient’s situation. Pre-existing disease and physiological issues are taken into account. The recommendation for age-driven pre-anaesthetic blood monitoring is undertaken. Should concerns regarding kidney, liver or cardiac function occur, the appropriate anaesthetic cocktail will be used to best alleviate any risks involved with such specific conditions. This approach has resulted in absolutely no difference in anaesthetic complications between geriatric and younger patients, or indeed between routine and other surgical procedures. This is a statistical fact we are very proud of at RVS.
Routine use of intra-operative intra-venous fluids
At RVS all non-routine and other surgical procedures anticipated at taking more than 30 minutes undergo mandatory intra-venous fluid support. This maintains intra-operative blood pressure and ensures that even through prolonged anaesthetic events, tissues and organs have well-preserved perfusion with blood. There is a no excuses policy in this regard at RVS.
Advanced, multi-modal, pre-emptive pain relief
At RVS, again it is mandatory, that every case has individual assessment for a tailored analgaesic pain relief protocol. Such a protocol carefully assesses the maximal use of pain relief at the maximum sites available along the pain pathway. Such pain relieving techniques are administered as pre-emptively as possible to maximise the quality of pain relief obtained by each patient. This typically involves standard use of specific nerve blocks, epidural anaesthetics, joint blocks, dental blocks, regional infusions and constant rate infusions all in one patient. It also typically involves the use of numerous classes of pain relieving drugs in one case. We are proud to offer equivalent or even better pain relief protocols to our patients than many of us would receive in a human health care facility. It doesn’t need to hurt much so why should we allow it to?
In addition to this we make use of the latest in pain scoring techniques by our nursing staff. It is mandatory that any threshold in pain score be breached as ascertained by a nurse must be actioned by a veterinarian urgently. Thankfully, this is an extreme rarity with our current analgaesic protocols.
Highest quality of aseptic and sterile surgery
At RVS we possess one of the few sterile positive pressure, filtered air, veterinary operating theatres in the country. It is standard operating procedure to operate under total aseptic technique with full surgical scrubbing, closed gloving and sterile gowning and masking, along with full surgical draping at RVS. Our antibiotic usage is minimal and generally not required at all. In days of significant concern over excessive use of antibiotics resulting in emergence of antibiotic resistant microbes, we take these moral and ethical obligations seriously. Despite virtually no antibiotic usage in surgical patients, we manage to maintain infection rates at the extreme lowest of incidence rates.
Individualised post-operative monitoring
Your pet’s nursing care immediately post-operatively is individualised and bedside right up to the point of extubation and transference back into the wards. Following this point onwards, multiple nurses will be assessing your pet on numerous occasions for clinical stability, pain and comfort.
Patients which require specific post-operative needs are the individual responsibility of specific nurses, such issues may include regular blood glucose monitoring, regular temperature checks, repeat ultrasound examinations to ensure no chances of internal haemorrhage and regular bandage and drip assessments.
Some patients are kept in the permanently manned preparation area in our intensive care caging until total confidence in clinical stability is obtained.
Longer-term patients (over 24 hours) will also have individualised nutritional plans produced for them including protein and energy requirements to be met. This will be maintained by our dedicated nursing team in conjunction with intra-venous fluid needs, pain relief and other required medications and management issues.
Such techniques and commitment to maintaining the highest possible standards in duty of care do require some commitment and investment in resources. However, such issues are so important to us at RVS that we refuse to compromise in these factors. We are proud to offer such high levels of care and expertise at minimal and acceptable costs to our clients. Please be assured that your pet’s welfare and safety remain our highest concern.
Advanced Pain Relief at Rolleston Vets
Modern analgesic (pain relief) techniques have made exceptional advances in recent years following our improved understanding of the nerve pathways involved in pain stimulation and perception by the patient.
RVS has always maintained the priority and stand apart factor in its driving force as being quality driven. Part of this drive for quality has always involved ensuring that the welfare of the patient is paramount. To this end we have always practiced a policy of mandatory state of the art pain control. Such state of the art techniques are built into all of our procedures incorporated into their costs. We may not be the cheapest in the district, but we feel we are at the very top end of the welfare scale when it comes to our patients. And we feel that we achieve this whilst keeping costs at a very affordable level.
The pain pathway (Fig. 1) involves a number of steps, starting with a special nerve ending at the site of injury called a nociceptor which when stimulated sends a nerve impulse up the nerve where it joins with another nerve at the top part of the spinal cord at a junction known as a synapse (Fig. 2). The nerve impulse then travels up the spinal cord to the brain where it is processed through a relatively complex system of synapses that result in various reflexes and importantly conscious perception of pain in the outer layer (cortex) of the front part of the brain. This perception by the brain’s cortex results in the issues that are a real concern in regard to the welfare of the patient.
It is no surprise then, that if we can block the pain pathway in as many separate and different sites as we can, then the degree of pain relief and the improvement in welfare for our patients will be influenced positively in a huge way. To this end, at RVS we have standard pain relief protocols that we use as mandatory with many of our procedures. These involve combinations of epidural anaesthetics, joint blocks, nerve blocks, constant rate infusions and combinations of differing injectable and oral drugs that act in concert with each other to minimise nerve conduction from even starting at the nociceptor, block the nerve impulse itself, block the synapse in the spinal cord and even block the synapses involved specifically within the brain.
It is also now known that if the pain pathway can be blocked even before the injury is sustained, then, the degree of pain will be massively minimised. It has been found that an initial pain impulse, if not blocked, will go through pathways in the top of the spinal cord that exaggerate and multiply the degree of pain above that which the initial impulse invoked. This is known as “wind-up”. We can take advantage of this knowledge by understanding that if we provide pain relieving drugs before the surgical procedure begins, then we will obtain significantly better pain control.
This is known as pre-emptive pain relief, and is practiced routinely at RVS. Thus you can rest easy that your pet will have the best pain relieving techniques that can be provided in a mainstream setting at RVS as a mandatory policy.
Types of drugs used in RVS multi-modal pre-emptive pain control include:
NSAIDs: These are perhaps the most commonly used class of pain drugs. They are called Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). They block the biochemical pathway used by the body in manufacturing chemical called inflammatory mediators which result in pain at a site of injury. Having these present prior to tissue being injured (surgery) can result in great pain relief at the site of injury.
OPIODS: These drugs bind to specific opiod receptors within a nerve synapse and result in disruption of pain impulses passing from nerves to the spinal cord and also to the brain cortex where it is perceived as pain.
LOCAL ANAESTHETICS: These drugs stop an impulse from travelling up a nerve, thereby preventing pain impulses from reaching the spinal cord or travelling up the cord. It can be used to block specific nerves, block nerve endings at a site of injury or block nerves travelling within the spinal canal (e.g. epidural).
GLOSSARY OF TERMS:
PRE-MEDICANT (PRE-MED) ANALGAESIA: Usually a combination drug containing an opiod given prior to anaesthetic drugs to help smooth out anaesthesia and provide pre-emptive analgesia at the same time.
NERVE BLOCK: A technique whereby varying kinds of local anaesthetic drugs are deposited directly adjacent to specific nerves to block them from transmitting pain impulses.
Fig 3. A nerve block for dental surgery (Infraorbital nerve).
CONSTANT RATE INFUSION: A technique whereby a combination of pain relieving drugs may be run into a patient’s blood stream or through special catheters into specific areas of traumatised tissue at low levels at a constant and pre-determined rate, thus providing on-going pain relief.
Fig 3. A constant Rate Infusion Catheter with local anaesthetic exuding.
EPIDURAL ANAESTHESIA A technique whereby pain relieving drugs (usually local anaesthetics and opiods) are introduced through a junction between vertebrae at the very end of the back bone via needle to introduce pain relieving drug effects to the spinal nerves as they join to the spinal cord at synapses. These drugs are introduced and bathe these nerves in the epidural space. (Fig. 5)
Fig 4. An epidural being placed.
Why do we use Felocell 4 to vaccinate cats at Rolleston Veterinary Services?
Felocell 4 is a 4-valent feline vaccine that provides immunity against the bacterial infection Chlamydophilosis (Chlamydophila felis), in addition to the standard viral components of many other vaccines, which protect against the respiratory infections feline rhinotracheitis (Feline herpesvirus 1) and feline calicivirus, and feline panleucopenia infection (Feline parvovirus).
Chlamydophilosis causes very sore painful eye infections in cats. Clinical signs include swelling and redness of initially one eye, usually with thick yellow discharge. This disease almost invariably progresses to involve both eyes, and affected cats may be lethargic, inappetant and have a fever.
When Rolleston Veterinary Services was first established, many cases of Chlamydophilosis were seen, initially in cats from the Burnham area, where the disease was maintained within a wild cat population. As the human population increased within the Selwyn area, bringing with them their domestic cat companions, the disease became more widespread within domestic cats.
Since initiating a routine vaccination programme against Chlamydophilosis in all vaccinated cats, the incidence of clinical cases seen at the vet clinic has reduced.
Vaccination with Felocell 4 requires two sensitising doses 2 to 4 weeks apart, and annual boosters to maintain immunity. If your cat has previously received a “trivalent” vaccine (containing the 3 viral components but without Chlamydophila felis), your cat will require a sensitising course of two vaccinations to achieve adequate immunity against Chlamydophilosis.
TARGET WORM CONTROL WITH FAECAL EGG COUNTS
A faecal egg count tells us how many and what type of worm eggs are in your horse’s faeces.
This can be used to target drenches on horses with a high worm burden and to check how effective the product has been.
If your horse has a very low worm burden then drenching may not be necessary saving you time and money!
Drop in your horse’s faecal sample to Rolleston Veterinary Services Ltd today! Only $20!!!
Now running:… SMALL ACREAGE LIVESTOCK SEMINARS
Join vets Rachel and Nick for an exciting series of informative sessions covering a wide range of livestock topics. Bimonthly small group sessions held throughout the year will cover livestock handling and husbandry, parasites, common diseases, calf rearing, reproduction, pasture management and annual health plans. Time will be available for discussion and comprehensive course notes will be provided.
Sessions will be held at the Rolleston Veterinary Services clinic, with refreshments provided. First courses scheduled to start Tuesday 28 January 7:15pm and Saturday 1 February 2pm, depending on demand. Maximum 10 properties per course.
$550 (incl GST) per property, includes 6 tutored group sessions (2 participants per property), and comprehensive course notes.
Contact the clinic on 347 9682 or email firstname.lastname@example.org for more information and to register.
Favourite new Product of the month: BROADLINE!
Broadline is an effective and ground breaking new product for worming and flea treatment of cats. In a single spot on application your cat can be treated for all intestinal worms and external parasites! No more battles with your cat to force a tablet down their throat and no more scratches!
Broadline has topical and systemic activities. Your cat is protected for all of the following: Fleas (adult/larvae/eggs), Lice, Roundworms, Hookworms, Tapeworms and fleabite allergies.
Please ask one of our friendly reception staff about Broadline, the new product of the month!
New Release: NZ Equine iPhone APP – STABLE DIARY
Getting equine vaccination reminders out on time to the right owner for the right horse can be challenging. However, the equine team at Zoetis have come up with a fantastic new tool for iPhones to help you out.
Zoetis is excited to have released a new app called “Stable Diary’. The app allows horse owners to create a virtual stable on their iPhones making it easier to manage their horse’s health care while being fun at the same time! Horse owners can use the app to track and share favourite rides with friends, stay up-to-date with the latest equine health news from www.horsetalk.co.nz, log their horses vaccinations, deworming and dental records and more! The app automatically creates reminder alerts for upcoming events or appointments.
The ‘Stable Diary’ APP is available for FREE download from the iTunes Store!